Enhanced Beginner's Italian Level 1 - Lesson # 10
Numbers and MathAfter this class you should;
be able to count higher in Italian than you would ever need to.
perform simple math functions involving adding, subtracting, multiplying and dividing in italian.
Cardinal Numbers in ItalianItalian cardinal numbers are invariable except for 1 or uno which can take the forms of; uno, una, un and un' in order to agree in gender with the noun to which if refers to, just as the indefinite article does.
To continue to count beyond diciannove (19) is simple. You merely take the number venti (20) and attach the Italian number for 1 through 9 to the end of venti. For the two numbers beginning with a vowel (uno and otto) you first drop the i off of venti (ventuno and ventotto). This pattern is repeated for all numbers through 99 using the appropriate numbers for 30, 40, etc.
For numbers over cento (100) it continues to be quite easy. To add values less than cento (100) simply attach the appropriate number to the end of cento, for example; centodiciannove. To create multiples of cento attach the appropriate number to the beginning of cento, for example; duecento. Mille (1.000) is handled in the same manner. There are a few things to keep in mind as we build larger numbers which are:
1) Do not drop the "o" in cento prior to a number starting with a vowel (centouno)
2) The plural for mille (1.000) is mila as in duemila (2.000)
3) In Italian when writing numbers instead of using comas to divide sets of 3 numbers you need to use periods as in 1.000.000 (one million)
4) Once you get to milione (1.000.000) you no longer attach numbers to the beginning of the number. Instead it becomes two words as in "due milione".
Here are a few examples of some larger numbers;
basic online math exercise
Printable large flash cards (English Side)
Printable large flash cards (Italian Side)
Printable small flash cards (English Side)
Printable small flash cards (Italian Side)
basic online exercise
Exercise (English to Italian)
Exercise (Italian to English)
ComprehensionCiao, ti piace leggere?
Sì mi piace molto e leggo spesso.
Quanti libri leggi in un giorno?
Leggo uno o due libri al giorno.
Come puoi leggere uno o due libri ogni giorno?
Perche’ leggo bene, rapidamente e leggo anche in autobus.
Se tu leggi uno o due libri per giorno, tu leggi più che cinquecento libri in un anno.
Sì, hai ragione.
Come puoi comprare cinquecento libri in un anno?
Non posso. Vado in biblioteca.
Che cosa significa la parola biblioteca?
Biblioteca significa "Library".
Ti piace Camminare da casa in biblioteca?
Sì, cammino sempre in biblioteca.
Eh, che cosa c’e’ in soggiorno ?
Questo è un libro.
Ma è molto piccolo!
Sì, lo so. Questo libro ha solo ottanta pagine.
Io posso leggere dieci libri in un giorno quando sono molto piccoli.
Mi dispiace ma ora devo andare.
In biblioteca perche’ ho ancora bisogno di libri.
Va bene. Ciao.
|Printable Video Dialog|
Printable Practice Sheets
Useful Italian question;
Quando ... ?
When ... ?
Class DialogUsing only the vocabulary we have learned so far, learn how to say everything below in Italian (except what is in " "), print out and bring the printable form of this dialog and be prepared to say the dialog below for one of the persons in class.
Person #1 – Hi _________,
Person #2 – Hi __________, how are you?
Person #1 – I am well, And you? How are you?
Person #2 - I am very well. What are you doing?
Person #1 – How do you say “to count” in Italian?
Person #2 – You say “contare”.
Person #1 – I am counting my glasses.
Person #2 – “Quanti” glasses do you have?
Person #1 – What does “Quanti” mean?
Person #2 – “Quanti” means “how many or how much?”
Person #1 – I don’t know. There are twelve glasses on the table.
Person #2 – There are twenty seven glasses on the floor.
Person #1 – Twelve plus twenty seven equals thirty nine.
Person #2– How may glasses do you need?
Person #1 – I need forty glasses.
Person #2– Why do you need forty glasses?
Person #1 – Because there are twenty friends at my house and they need a glass for water and a glass for wine. Twenty times two equals forty.
Person #2 – You are right but forty minus thirty nine equals one, you need one glass.
Person #1 – Now you are right. I need to go shopping to buy a glass.
Person #2– You don’t need to go shopping to buy a glass. I have a glass in my car.
Person #1 – Fantastic! Thank you very much!
Person #2 – You are welcome.
printable class dialog
You can learn more about numbers and math on these pages of the following books.
29, 57 - 58 & 137 - 138 (page #'s may vary as I have an older edition) of "Ciao" by Carla Federici & Carla Larese Riga, copyright 1986.
219 - 223 of the book "Complete Italian Grammar" by Marcel Dansesi, copyright 1976.
331 - 334 of the book "Italian Grammar Drills" by Paola Nanni-Tate, copyright 2007.
If you do not own these books, don't worry, it is not mandatory that you do unless you were instructed to buy them at the beginning of the class. However, they can be very useful in a lot of ways and if you would like to know more about these books and where to buy them, simply go to our online bookstore or quicker yet, just click on the appropriate book below.
Did you know? - A bit of Italian Trivia"These days, Italian language is very important in business for:
Italy is one of the top five economies in the world, ahead of Great Britain, Russia, and China. It is also a leading member of the G7 group of the wealthiest democracies in the world.
Italy's economy is changing: state-owned companies are becoming privatized, opening up the Italian market to international companies and professions in aerospace, transportation, insurance, finance, shipping, telecommunications, and other commerce.
Italy is a world leader in machine tool manufacturing, with advanced technologies in robotics, electromechanical machinery, shipbuilding, space engineering, construction machinery, and transportation equipment.
Additionally, not only for business but for art and tourism professionals is necessary to learn italian for:
Art historians need Italian. According to UNESCO (the cultural and educational agency of the United Nations), over 60 percent of the world's art treasures are found in Italy.
Italy is a world leader in the culinary arts, interior design, fashion, graphic design, furniture design, etc. Those planning careers in such fields greatly benefit from knowing Italian.
Italy has long been a magnet for the tourism industry: In 1996, 55 million people visited Italy. It is predicted that in the Jubilee Year 2000, Rome alone will host over 30 million visitors." -
Source - italianlanguageguide.com
Have you heard? - Some good Italian MusicNow if you are really in the mood for something different, maybe sometimes sort of R & B, sometimes just blues or kind of folk. Pretty much can across the board. The same goes for who might be singing with him and what language he is singing in. One thing for sure Zucchero is a one of a kind that is definitely all Italian and here is my favorite song from him in Spanish LOL (told ya) Enjoy!
great songs are available on --->
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