Welcome Guest. [Login | Register]

Enhanced Beginner's Italian Level 1 - Lesson # 2

Subject pronouns, essere (to be), avere (to have) & vocabulary

After this class you should;
understand verb conjugation and know the main personal subject pronouns.
be able to conjugate and use the verbs essere (to be) and avere (to have).
be able to use vocabulary such as please, thank you, you are welcome, I am and more.


To Conjugate – “…To inflect (a verb) in its forms for distinctions such as number, person, voice, mood, and tense.”

The definition of conjugate taken from thefreedictionary.com

Avere - To have

Io Ho I have
Tu Hai You have
Lui/Lei Ha He/She has
Noi Abbiamo We have
Voi Avete Y’all have
Loro Hanno They have

Io ho = I have / Tu hai = You have / Lui ha = He has / Lei ha = She has
Noi abbiamo = we have / Voi avete = Y'all have / Loro hanno = They have

Essere - To be

Io Sono I am
Tu Sei You are
Lui/Lei È He/She is
Noi Siamo We are
Voi Siete Y’all are
Loro Sono They are

Io sono = I am / Tu sei = You are / Lui è = He is / Lei è = She is
Noi siamo = we are / Voi siete = Y'all are / Loro sono = They are

Printable Homework

Basic Exercise on essere/avere
Exercise (Italian to English)
Exercise (English to Italian)


per favore
per piacere
grazie mille
come ti chiami
come si chiama Lei
mi chiamo
thank you
thank you very much
you are welcome
what's your name (familiar)
what's your name (formal)
my name is
ti presento
le presento
a piu tardi
a presto
I am
I would like to introduce (familiar)
I would like to introduce (formal)
see you later
see you soon

Printable Vocabulary
Printable large flash cards (English Side)
Printable large flash cards (Italian Side)
Printable small flash cards (English Side)
Printable small flash cards (Italian Side)
Downloadable Podcast
basic online exercise
Exercise (Italian to English)
Exercise (English to Italian)
printable crossword



Buona sera signore
Buona sera, come sta?
Molto bene, grazie, e Lei?
Benissimo! Grazie. Mi scusa, per favore, come si chiama Lei?
Mi chiamo Carlo Wagner, e Lei?
Io sono Marinella Griffith, piacere.
Piacere. Come si dice “I am sorry“ in italiano?
"Mi dispiace"
Grazie mille!
Prego. Arrivederla


Ciao Marinella
Ciao Carlo, come stai?
Non c’ è male, grazie, e tu?
Bene! Grazie. Mi scusa, per favore, chi è lei?
Come si dice “my wife“ in italiano?
"Mia moglie"
Grazie, ti presento mia moglie, Karen.
Piacere, io sono Marinella Griffith.
A più tardi, sì?
Sì, a presto! Ciao

Printable Video Dialog
Printable Practice Sheets
printable comprehension crossword
Useful Italian question;
Chi ... ?
Who ... ?

Class Dialog

Using only the vocabulary we have learned so far, learn how to say everything below in Italian (except what is in " "), print out and bring the printable form of this dialog and be prepared to read the dialog below as person 1 or person 2 in class.

Person #1 - Good evening Sir (or Miss),
Person #2 - Good evening Sir (or Miss), how are you?
Person #1 - I am fine, thank you, and you? How are you?
Person #2 - I am very well, thank you. My name is _____________. What is your name?
Person #1 - I am ____________. Pleased to meet you.
Person #2 - Pleased to meet you.
Person #1 - Sir (or Miss) I would like you to meet __________.
Person #2 - Pleased to meet you.
Person #3 - I am sorry, what is your name please?
Person #2 - My name is _________.
Person #3 - Thank you.
Person #2 - You are welcome.
Person #3 - How do you say "good night" in Italian?
Person #2 - Good Night.
Person #3 - Good night Sir (or Miss)
Person #2 - Good night Sir (or Miss)
Person #1 - Good night Sir (or Miss)

printable class dialog

You can learn more about subject pronouns, essere and avere on these pages of the following books.

24 - 28, 42 - 49, 61 - 66 of the book "English Grammar for Students of Italian" by Sergio Adorni and Karen Primorac, copyright 1995.
12 - 14, 43 - 45 (page #'s may vary as I have an older edition) of "Ciao" by Carla Federici & Carla Larese Riga, copyright 1986.
55 - 57 of the book "Complete Italian Grammar" by Marcel Dansesi, copyright 1976.
49 - 51 of the book "Italian Grammar Drills" by Paola Nanni-Tate, copyright 2007.
1, 50 & 51 of the book "Italian Verb Drills" (Third Edition) by Paola Nanni-Tate, copyright 2011.
3 - 13 of the book "Italian Pronouns & Prepositions" by Daniela Gobetti, copyright 2006.

If you do not own these books, don't worry, it is not mandatory that you do unless you were instructed to buy them at the beginning of the class. However, they can be very useful in a lot of ways and if you would like to know more about these books and where to buy them, simply go to our online bookstore or quicker yet, just click on the appropriate book below.

Did you know? - A bit of Italian Trivia

The early version of the thermometer was an Italian invention. “Before there was the thermometer, there was the earlier and closely related thermoscope, best described as a thermometer without a scale. A thermoscope only showed the differences in temperatures, for example, it could show something was getting hotter. However, the thermoscope did not measure all the data that a thermometer could, for example an exact temperature in degrees.

Early History

Several inventors invented a version of the thermoscope at the same time. In 1593, Galileo Galilei invented a rudimentary water thermoscope, which for the first time, allowed temperature variations to be measured. Today, Galileo's inventioni is called the Galileo Thermometer, even though by definition it was really a thermoscope. It was a container filled with bulbs of varying mass, each with a temperature marking, the buoyancy of water changes with temperature, some of the bulbs sink while others float, the lowest bulb indicated what temperature it was.
In 1612, the Italian inventor Santorio Santorio became the first inventor to put a numerical scale on his thermoscope. It was perhaps the first crude clinical thermometer, as it was designed to be place in a patient's mouth for temperature taking. Both Galilei's and Santorio's instruments were not very accurate. In 1654, the first enclosed liquid-in-a-glass thermometer was invented by the Grand Duke of Tuscany, Ferdinand II. The Duke used alcohol as his liquid. However, it was still inaccurate and used no standardized scale...." -
Source - about.com

Have you heard? - Some good Italian Music

Coming from a little more of a smooth jazz perspective, Sergio Cammariere definitely has a talent for creating songs perfect for that romantic night. Shouldn't surprise us though. After all, on aspect many of us love about the Italian culture is passion! I hope you enjoy!

This and many other
great songs are available on --->

blog comments powered by Disqus