Enhanced Beginner's Italian Level 1 - Lesson # 5
Regular ARE verbs and adverbsAfter this class you should;
Conjugate and use regular ARE verbs.
be able to read, write, speak, understand and know how to use 15 handy adverbs.
Conjugating regular Italian verbs ending with ARE in the present tenseInfinitive – “…A verb form that functions as a substantive while retaining certain verbal characteristics, such as modification by adverbs, and that in English may be preceded by to, as in To go willingly is to show strength or We want him to work…” 1
There are three main categories of Italian Verbs known as 1st, 2nd and 3rd conjugation. Here is the most obvious, initial difference;
1st Conjugation verbs are verbs that end with the letters ARE in the infinitive form.
2nd Conjugation verbs are verbs that end with the letters ERE in the infinitive form.
3rd Conjugation verbs are verbs that end with the letters IRE in the infinitive form.
(These ending are “Infinitive endings”)
To illustrate how to conjugate an ARE verb, I like to use a math equation as an example but first here are the conjugated endings for ARE verbs;
To conjugate = infinitive verb – infinitive ending = verb stem + conjugated ending = conjugated verb. Example;
Parlare (To Speak) - are = Parl + iamo (ending for we) = Parliamo (We speak)
Parlare conjugated in the present tense
1 The definitions or portions thereof were taken from thefreedictionary.com
Some Italian Adverbs that deal with time
Generally the adverbs follow the verbs such as in "Parlo raramente" (I rarely speak) or "Ho mangiato spesso a Roma." (I often ate in Rome.)
basic online exercise
Exercise on regular ARE verbs
Printable large flash cards (English Side)
Printable large flash cards (Italian Side)
Printable small flash cards (English Side)
Printable small flash cards (Italian Side)
basic online exercise
Exercise (Italian to English)
Exercise (English to Italian)
|Printable Video Dialog|
|Printable Practice Sheets|
Useful Italian question;
Come si scrive … in italiano?
How do you write ... in Italian?
Class DialogUsing only the vocabulary we have learned so far, learn how to say everything below in Italian (except what is in " "), print out and bring the printable form of this dialog and be prepared to say the dialog below for one of the person's in class.
Person #1 – Hello _________,
Person #2 – Hello __________, how are you?
Person #1 – So, so? And you? How are you?
Person #2 - I am well, thank you. Is that a “canzone”?
Person #1 – What does “canzone” mean?
Person #2 – “Canzone” means “a song”.
Person #1 – How do you spell “Canzone”?
Person #2 – “C – A – N – Z – O – N – E”
Person #1 – Yes, this is a song.
Person #2 – Do you sing often?
Person #1 – No, I never sing. I listen to the songs and I usually dance.
Person #2– I often sing when I fly. I don’t dance anymore.
Person #1 – How do you say with in Italian?
Person #2– You say “con”.
Person #1 – I always dance with Mary. We dance often.
Person #2 – Who is Mary?
Person #1 – I work with Mary.
Person #2– Does she ever sing?
Person #1 – She always sings. She lives in Italy and they always sing in Italy.
Person #2– ok, bye
Person #1 - bye
printable class dialog
You can learn more about regular ARE verbs and adverbs on these pages of the following books.
136 - 138 of the book "English Grammar for Students of Italian" by Sergio Adorni and Karen Primorac, copyright 1995.
66 - 68 and 121 - 123 (page #'s may vary as I have an older edition) of "Ciao" by Carla Federici & Carla Larese Riga, copyright 1986.
107 and 199 - 202 of the book "Complete Italian Grammar" by Marcel Dansesi, copyright 1976.
175 - 176 and 201 - 206 of the book "Italian Grammar Drills" by Paola Nanni-Tate, copyright 2007.
3 - 10 of the book "Italian Verb Drills" (Third Edition) by Paola Nanni-Tate, copyright 2011.
If you do not own these books, don't worry, it is not mandatory that you do unless you were instructed to buy them at the beginning of the class. However, they can be very useful in a lot of ways and if you would like to know more about these books and where to buy them, simply go to our online bookstore or quicker yet, just click on the appropriate book below.
Did you know? - A bit of Italian Trivia“There are thousands of traditional and regional Italian desserts. However, the most famous one abroad, the tiramisù, was only invented in the 1970's. The name literally means "pick-me-up" (metaphorically, "make me happy"), due to two of its ingredients : coffee and cocoa." -
Source - eupedia.com
Have you heard? - Some good Italian MusicOk, Not all Italian contemporary music in the genres of Pop, Rock, etc is Ear popping, bone rattling dance music. In fact, one of my all time favorite passionate and slow songs is performed by a woman who has become one of my favorite Italian music artists, Giorgia. So....take a glass of wine, sit back, close your eyes and just become lost in this next song.
great songs are available on --->
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