Enhanced Beginner's Italian Level 1 - Lesson # 7
Prepositions and more regular ARE verbsAfter this class you should;
be basically familiar with Italian prepositions.
identify another 15 ARE regular verbs.
Italian simple prepositions "Preposizioni Semplici"This is by no means an all encompassing lesson on prepositions. It is a good basis from which to start however. At the bottom of this page you will find resources which are available where you can learn more on this subject.
In their book "English Grammar for Students of Italian" Sergio Adorni and Karen Primorac say the following about prepositions; "A preposition is a word that shows the relationship of one word (usually a verb, a noun or pronoun) to another word in the sentence." This makes them incredibly valuable in properly communicating the thoughts which we wish to convey.
The following is a list of some common Italian simple prepositions (Preposizioni Semplici)
While the examples above are very similar to the way we would use those prepositions in English it is important to realize that in Italian, prepositions may often be used in ways we would never use those particular words. For example;
There are various rules which govern the use of these prepositions in different circumstances. Too many to cover here. That is why I said that this is not an all encompassing lesson on this page alone. However, before you understand the rules you need to learn the words and how they may be used in ways we can easily grasp. We will look more into these other circumstances as we continue to study Italian together.
One way in which Italian prepositions differ from those in English is how they work with definite articles. In English, the definite article usually simply follows the preposition such as in "on the table" or "in the box". In Italian, when the preposition is followed by a definite article they usually combine the two words to create the preposizione articolata such as in "sul tavolo" or "nella scatola".
The following is a common table found in many textbooks illustrating how you combine an Italian simple prepositions with a definite article to form a preposizione articolata
The preposizione articolata is governed by the same rules of gender and number as the article that they were partially derived from. For instance if you wanted to say on "il tavolo" (masculine, singular) you would now have to say "sul tavolo" (masculine, singular) and not "sulla tavolo" (which does not agree because it is feminine) or sugli tavolo" (which does not agree because it is plural).
Basic Exercise on prepositions
Printable large flash cards (English Side)
Printable large flash cards (Italian Side)
Printable small flash cards (English Side)
Printable small flash cards (Italian Side)
basic online exercise
Exercise (Italian to English)
Exercise (English to Italian)
|Printable Video Dialog|
Printable Practice Sheets
Useful Italian question;
Puoi ripeterlo per favore?
Can you repeat it please?
Class DialogUsing only the vocabulary we have learned so far, learn how to say everything below in Italian (except what is in " "), print out and bring the printable form of this dialog and be prepared to say the dialog below for one of the persons in class.
Person #1 – Hi _________,
Person #2 – Hi __________, how are you?
Person #1 – I am well, And you? How are you?
Person #2 - I am excellent, thank you.
Person #1 – Excellent?
Person #2 – Yes, I am excellent. I am waiting for my Mother.
Person #1 – You are waiting for your Mother? Does she arrive soon?
Person #2 – Yes, she arrives soon with my Brother from Italy.
Person #1 – Who is your brother? What are you all doing today?
Person #2 – My brother is Robert. We are having dinner at the restaurant. I am hungry.
Person #1 – Are they “guidano”?
Person #2– What does “guidano” mean?.
Person #1 – “Guidano” means drive.
Person #2– How do you say “airplane” in Italian?
Person #1 – You say “Aereo”.
Person #2 – No, they never drive. They always fly in the airplane.
Person #1 – They never drive?
Person #2– No, they are afraid to drive.
Person #1 – Are they staying with you?
Person #2 – Yes, they usually stay with me.
Person #1 – Ok, I need to go. Don’t forget to vote!
Person #2– OK, bye ________.
Person #1 – Bye.
printable class dialog
You can learn more about prepositions, negatives, interrogatives and more regular ARE verbs on these pages of the following books.
50 - 56, 139 - 141 of the book "English Grammar for Students of Italian" by Sergio Adorni and Karen Primorac, copyright 1995.
15 - 16, 52 - 53 and 66 - 68 (page #'s may vary as I have an older edition) of "Ciao" by Carla Federici & Carla Larese Riga, copyright 1986.
107 - 110, 192 - 197, 205 - 207 and 210 -212 of the book "Complete Italian Grammar" by Marcel Dansesi, copyright 1976.
101 -138 and 202 - 206 of the book "Italian Grammar Drills" by Paola Nanni-Tate, copyright 2007.
3 - 10 of the book "Italian Verb Drills" (Third Edition) by Paola Nanni-Tate, copyright 2011.
123 - 126 of the book "Italian Pronouns & Prepositions" by Daniela Gobetti, copyright 2006.
If you do not own these books, don't worry, it is not mandatory that you do unless you were instructed to buy them at the beginning of the class. However, they can be very useful in a lot of ways and if you would like to know more about these books and where to buy them, simply go to our online bookstore or quicker yet, just click on the appropriate book below.
Did you know? - A bit of Italian Trivia“Although musical drama, such as The Play of Daniel (12th cent.), had previously existed, it was in the year 1600 that opera came into being. It began in Florence, Italy, fostered by the camerata [society], a group of scholars, philosophers, and amateur musicians that included the librettist Ottavio Rinuccini (15621621) and the composers Vincenzo Galilei, Emilio del Cavaliere (c.15501602), Jacopo Peri, and Giulio Caccini. It was their aim to promote the principle of monodic musical declamation, i.e., a single melodic line with modest accompaniment inspired by the example of ancient Greek drama; accordingly, the earliest operas took their plots from mythology, the legend of Orpheus and Eurydice being one of the most popular. Because the story hinges on the expressive power of music and solo song, the early composers referred to their work as dramma per musica [drama through music], and operas of the 17th and 18th cent. used myth at first and plots about historical figures later. It had both lofty and comic strains, which were in time separated into distinct genres, the opera seria (serious opera) and the opera buffa (comic opera). Although fragments of Jacopo Peri's Dafne (c.1597) exist, the same composer's Euridice (1600), set to verse by Ottavio Rinuccini, is generally considered the first opera. . " -
Source - yahoo.com
Have you heard? - Some good Italian MusicI bet you guessed with the "Did you know section above" that we would at least visit the roots of true Italian musical tradition and that is those who sing in operatic style. Well ok it's true but you have to hear these guys. When most boys are the age that these guys were when they cut this CD, they are doing paper routes, buying skate boards and riding bicycles but these three are incredible! Il volo! If you have never heard them you are in for a treat!
great songs are available on --->
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