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Enhanced Beginner's Italian Level 1 - Lesson # 9

Irregular ERE verbs, Part's of a house, c'è, ci sono and ecco

After this class you should;
be able to conjugate and use the verbs potere (to be able to), dovere (to have to/to must) and volere (to want).
read, write, speak, hear and understand various Italian words for parts of a home.
understand and know how to use c'è, ci sono and ecco (three forms of there).


Potere(to be able), Dovere(to must, to have to) & Volere(to want)

The present tense of the irregular Italian ERE verbs Potere, Dovere and Volere

These verbs do not follow the regular conjugation patterns of the Italian ERE verbs and thus will be looked at separately here. These are not the only irregular ERE verbs but these three are extremely important to know as they can be used often in everyday conversation. Additionally, these three verbs work exceptionally well with other verbs. For example; I have to go, I want to speak or I can swim. Learning these verbs will prove extremely useful in your quest to communicate in Italian.

Io Posso I can
Tu Puoi You can
Lui/Lei Può He/She can
Noi Possiamo We can
Voi Potete Y’all can
Loro Possono They can

Io posso = I can / Tu puoi = You can / Lui può = He can / Lei può = She can
Noi possiamo = we can / Voi potete = Y'all can / Loro possono = They can
Devo I must
Devi You must
Deve He/She must
Dobbiamo We must
Dovete Y’all must
Devono They must

Io devo = I must / Tu devi = You must / Lui deve = He must / Lei deve = She must
Noi dobbiamo = we must / Voi dovete = Y'all must / Loro devono = They must
Voglio I want
Vuoi You want
Vuole He/She wants
Vogliamo We want
Volete Y’all want
Vogliono They want

Io voglio = I want / Tu vuoi = You want / Lui vuole = He wants / Lei vuole = She wants
Noi vogliamo = we want / Voi volete = Y'all want / Loro vogliono = They want

Italian for "there is, there are, there is!, there are!, look!" etc

In this lesson we are going to look at 3 Italian phrases or clauses which are;
ci sono
there is
there are
There is...!, There are ...! Look! etc.

The first two are merely statements of fact, acknowledgment of the existence of a person, place or thing, seen or unseen. To make these negative, simply place non before the clause as show below;

C'è un bicchiere in cucina?
No, non c'è un bicchiere in cucina.
Ci sono troppo persone nella chiesa?
No, non ci sono troppo persone nella chiesa.
Is there a glass in the kitchen?
No, there is not a glass in the kitchen.
Are there too many people in the church?
No, there are not too many people in the church.

A simple statement could be "Ci sono sette tazze sul tavolo." (There are seven cups on the table)

The third choice or "Ecco" is more of a statement of explanation or is used to point out something that is visible and can actually be translated in a few different way. It is invariable so it doesn't change to accommodate gender or number. Here are a few examples;

Ecco mio fratello!
Ecco i bambini!
Ecco, un aereo!
Ecco i tuoi occhiali!
Ecco la sua camicia.
That's my brother!
Here are the kids!
Look, a plane!
There are your glasses.
Here is his shirt.

Printable Homework

Basic Exercise on Potere, Dovere and Volere
Potere, dovere & volere (Italian to English)
Potere, dovere & volere (English to Italian)


sala da pranzo
camera da letto
house or home
dining room
living room
ci sono
there is
there are
here or there it is!

Printable Vocabulary
Printable large flash cards (English Side)
Printable large flash cards (Italian Side)
Printable small flash cards (English Side)
Printable small flash cards (Italian Side)
Downloadable Podcast
basic online exercise

Exercise (Italian to English)
Exercise (English to Italian)
printable crossword


Sai dov’e’ Anna?
Anna e’ in cucina con Roberto.
Che cosa fanno?
Loro cenano.
Non hai fame? Non vuoi cenare?
Ho molta fame e voglio mangiare ma non posso.
Perché non puoi?
Perché devo lavorare. Dove sono i miei occhiali?
Ecco i tuoi occhiali, sono in veranda!
Grazie, hai un libro di italiano?
Sì, c'è un libro di italiano in soggiorno.
Hai solo uno libro?
No, ho molti libri di italiano e sono in camera di letto.
Posso leggere questi libri?
Sì, puoi leggerli quando vuoi ma ora devo andare.
Dove devi andare?
Devo chiudere la porta del bagno perche’ puzza!
Sì per favore, chiudi la porta!
Va bene, la chiudo . Ciao e arrivederci.

Printable Video Dialog
Printable Practice Sheets
printable crossword
Useful Italian question;
Puoi parlare più lentamente per favore?
Can you speak more slowly please?

Class Dialog

Using only the vocabulary we have learned so far, learn how to say everything below in Italian (except what is in " "), print out and bring the printable form of this dialog and be prepared to say the dialog below for one of the persons in class.

Person #1 – Hi _________,
Person #2 – Hi __________, how are you?
Person #1 – I am well, And you? How are you?
Person #2 - I am very well. What do you want to do today?
Person #1 – There is a film I want to see, do you want to go?
Person #2 – There are always films you want to see.
Person #1 – Yes you are right, do you want to go?
Person #2 – Yes, I want to go. Can your sister go?
Person #1 – No, she can’t go. Where is ….
Person #2 – Why can’t she go and where is she?
Person #1 – She has to study Italian and I can’t find my … how do you say “money” in Italian?
Person #2– You say “denaro”
Person #1 – I can’t find my money.
Person #2– Where is your sister and is your money in the kitchen?
Person #1 – She is in the bathroom and no it is not in the kitchen and it is not in the living room.
Person #2 – She studies in the bathroom?
Person #1 – No she has to take a shower and study.
Person #2– Here is your money!
Person #1 – Fantastic! Let’s go!

printable class dialog

You can learn more about irregular ERE verbs, Part's of a house, c'è, ci cono and ecco on these pages of the following books.

28 and 101 - 103 (page #'s may vary as I have an older edition) of "Ciao" by Carla Federici & Carla Larese Riga, copyright 1986.
82 - 84 and 112 - 114 of the book "Complete Italian Grammar" by Marcel Dansesi, copyright 1976.
19 & 20 of the book "Italian Verb Drills" (Third Edition) by Paola Nanni-Tate, copyright 2011.

If you do not own these books, don't worry, it is not mandatory that you do unless you were instructed to buy them at the beginning of the class. However, they can be very useful in a lot of ways and if you would like to know more about these books and where to buy them, simply go to our online bookstore or quicker yet, just click on the appropriate book below.

Did you know? - A bit of Italian Trivia

Trevi Fountain “A traditional legend holds that if visitors throw a coin into the fountain, they are ensured a return to Rome. Among those who are unaware that the "three coins" of Three Coins in the Fountain were thrown by three different individuals, a reported current interpretation is that two coins will lead to a new romance and three will ensure either a marriage or divorce. Another reported version of this legend is that it is lucky to throw three coins with one's right hand over one's left shoulder into the Trevi Fountain. An estimated 3,000 euros are thrown into the fountain each day. The money has been used to subsidize a supermarket for Rome's needy. However, there are regular attempts to steal coins from the fountain. " -
Source - wikipedia.org

Have you heard? - Some good Italian Music

In the mood for something different but just not sure what? You might want to check out Anna Tatangelo. No two ways about it she is Pop all the way but she has a pleasantly refreshing sound that put a little kick back in your step so go ahead, click that little arrow and enjoy! Oh and by the way, she does usually articulate very well so this is a good CD for students!

This and many other
great songs are available on --->

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