Enhanced Comprehensive Italian Level 2 - Lesson #11
Double pronouns and Italian terms for placesAfter this class you should;
be able to understand and use double pronouns.
be able to recognize, understand and use some vocabulary for places
Double Object PronounsWhat is a double object pronoun? Simply put, for sentences using both direct and indirect object pronouns, a double object pronoun is simply the direct and indirect object pronouns put together. Sometimes they combine to make one word, at other times they follow each other one after the other. They can be placed either before several of the verb forms or actually attached to the end of others. In fact the double object pronoun by nature is optional as (1) you may not replace both objects with pronouns and (2) if you do you do not have to put them together. For example you could use the week form of a direct object pronoun but the strong form of the direct object pronoun. Per esempio:
Lo dai a lei. – “Give it to her” or more literally “It, you give to her”
(It) being the direct object pronoun is at the beginning of the sentence and (her) being the strong form of an indirect object pronoun is at the end of the sentence. This can be accomplished after what we already learned from our studies on direct and indirect object pronouns.
Now let’s look at how to put them together and how to use them in a sentence. First we need to learn how combine the two direct object pronouns. Double object pronouns are actually quite easy to construct. Here are a few things to keep in mind:
1. The indirect object pronoun always comes first
2. mi/ti/ci/vi (indirect object pronouns) become me/te/ce/ve in order for the speech to flow better
3. The four indirect object pronouns listed above are before but not connected to the direct object pronouns unless they are attached to the end of a verb
4. gli becomes glie and is always attached directly to the indirect object pronoun and is used for he, she and them.
This chart shows the construction of the object pronouns
How to use the Italian double object pronoun!
The double object pronoun is usually found in 1 of 3 places. First, it is found just before the verb form, secondly it is found attached to the end of an infinitive verb and third it is found attached to the end of a conjugated verb in certain instances. In short the placement is much like that of the weak form of the direct object pronoun. We will start by looking at it appearing just before the verb by looking at how you get to using the double object pronoun from no object pronouns at all.
Here are a few more examples:
Now let’s look at a couple of instances when a double object pronoun is being attached to the end of an infinitive.
There are many instances where we have an infinitive verb in our phrases such as when we use modal verbs like volere, dovere or potere and also in various subjunctive clauses where the subject is the same in both clauses. In these cases the double object pronouns can be attached to the end of the infinitive verb. You need to drop the “e” from the infinitive verb and add both object pronouns to the end (indirect first making one word). Here is a formula:
((Infinitive verb – e ) + Indirect object pronoun) + Direct object pronoun dare – e = dar + ce = darce + lo = darcelo or “give it to us”.
The third method for the is attaching it to a conjugated verb. The double object pronoun is attached to the end of the conjugated verb that it is used with in the imperative tense as well as gerunds. Here are a few examples;
basic online exercise
Printable large flash cards (English Side)
Printable large flash cards (Italian Side)
Printable small flash cards (English Side)
Printable small flash cards (Italian Side)
Exercise (Italian to English)
Exercise (English to Italian)
|Printable Practice Sheets|
|printable comprehension crossword|
Useful Italian phrase;
E' un peccato!
That's a shame
Class DialogLearn how to say everything below in Italian, print out and bring the printable form of this dialog and be prepared to say the dialog below for one of the persons in clas
Person #1 – Hi _________. How are you?
Person #2 – Hi _________, I am well, thank you. And you? How are you?
Person #1 – I am very well, thank you. Are you coming to the party?
Person #2 – What party?
Person #1 – The birthday party! Ann is 21 today.
Person #2 – I forgot about her birthday! Where is the party?
Person #1 – The party is downtown in the park next to the hospital. Didn’t Mark send you the invitation?
Person #2 – Yes, he sent it to me. In fact, he asked me to bring Ann to y’all.
Person #1 – Can you bring her to us? The party is a surprise.
Person #2 – Yes, I can bring her to y’all but I forgot to buy her a present. I wanted to buy her that new ring. Now I don’t have enough time to go to the jewelry store.
Person #1 – I can buy it for you. I will bring it to the party.
Person #2 – Fantastic! Thank you. Now I will go to the factory and then bring Ann to the party.
Person #1 – You are lucky! First I have to go to the library and pay my bill then I need to go to the pastry shop and but the cake and finally I will go to the jewelry store to buy that new ring for you. After I am done I will come to the party.
Person #2 – Will Mark have his guitar? He wrote a song for Ann yesterday.
Person #1 – Yes he will sing it to her. I am sorry but I have to go. I have a lot to do!
Person#2 – Ok, I understand. I will see you soon!
Person#1 – Bye
Person#2 – Bye, bye
printable class dialog
You can learn more about double object pronouns on these pages of the following books.
208 - 210 (page #'s may vary as I have an older edition) of "Ciao" by Carla Federici & Carla Larese Riga, copyright 1986.
69 - 71 of the book "Complete Italian Grammar" by Marcel Dansesi, copyright 1976.
66 - 73 of the book "Italian Grammar Drills" by Paola Nanni-Tate, copyright 2007.
41 - 49 of the book "Italian Pronouns & Prepositions" by Daniela Gobetti, copyright 2006.
If you do not own these books, don't worry, it is not mandatory that you do unless you were instructed to buy them at the beginning of the class. However, they can be very useful in a lot of ways and if you would like to know more about these books and where to buy them, simply go to our online bookstore or quicker yet, just click on the appropriate book below.
Did you know?"Lecce, sometimes called the Florence of the south, is the main city on Puglia's Salento Peninsula. Because of the soft limestone that's easy to work, Lecce became the center for the ornate architecture called the barocco leccese and the city is filled with Baroque monuments. The historic center is ...."
While in Lecce, you may want to see some or all of the following; La Piazza del Duomo, La Via Vittorio Emanuale, The Roman Amphitheater, The Church of Santa Chiara, The Archaeological Museum, The Basilica of Santa Croce, The Castle of Charles V and the Provincial Museum.
You can find this information and more at About.com Italy Travel
You can see a just few pictures of Lecce here.
Have you heard?Ok, perhaps this song and video is just a little edgy but trust me it is well worth watching. It is very entertaining and creative! Check it out!
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