Enhanced Comprehensive Italian Level 2 - Lesson #2
The future tense, conjunctions, Italian words about educationAfter this class you should;
Be able to conjugate regular verbs from the 3 conjugations in the future tense.
be able to insert Italian words having to do with Education in conversation.
Conjugating regular Italian verbs in the future tenseThe future tense is actually relatively easy to learn. In essence all three conjugations have the same endings. The only difference is for IRE and ERE verbs you just drop the final E and add the endings but for the ARE verbs you drop the ARE then ad ER and the endings. This is illustrated below.
To illustrate how to conjugate these verbs, I like to use math equations as an example but first here are the conjugated endings for all regular verbs;
To conjugate the regular ARE verbs in the future tense = infinitive verb – infinitive ending = verb stem + "er" + conjugated ending = conjugated verb. Example;
Parlare (To Speak) - are = Parl + er = Parler + emo (ending for we) = Parleremo (We will speak)
Parlare conjugated in the future tense
To conjugate the regular ERE verbs in the future tense = infinitive verb – the final "e" + conjugated ending = conjugated verb. Example;
leggere (To Read) - e = legger + emo (ending for we) = Leggeremo (We will read)
Leggere conjugated in the future tense
To conjugate the regular IRE verbs in the future tense = infinitive verb – the final "e" + conjugated ending = conjugated verb. Example;
vestire (To dress) - e = vestir + emo (ending for we) = Vestiremo (We will dress)
Vestire conjugated in the future tense
There are verbs in all three conjugations that have irregular stems that they use with the same endings. These verbs will be covered in another lesson.
Conjunctions o “le congiunzioni”
This is by no means an exhaustive list of words used as conjunctions but it is a good start!
Basic Exercise on the future tense.
Printable large flash cards (English Side)
Printable large flash cards (Italian Side)
Printable small flash cards (English Side)
Printable small flash cards (Italian Side)
basic vocabulary exercise on educational related words
Exercise (Italian to English)
Exercise (English to Italian)
Ciao Giovanni, come stai oggi?
Sto bene, grazie! Che cosa fai oggi?
Oggi studio perchè domani devo andare a lezione.
È la tua lezione di italiano?
Sì, la lingua italiana è bella.
Segui anche altre lezioni?
No, studio solo italiano. Non ho bisogno di altre lezioni. È difficile imparare una lingua nuova!
Che cosa studierete domani? Ti piace quello che studi?
Sì, domani studieremo il tempo futuro dei verbi regolari. Mi piace imparare il tempo futuro perché posso dire più cose in italiano.
Capisco Carlo. È difficile dire che cosa farai in futuro quando tu sai solo il tempo presente. Capisci bene il tempo futuro? Hai bisogno di aiuto?
Grazie ma non ho bisogno di aiuto oggi. Questo libro è facile da capire ed io scrivo sempre molti appunti in classe.
Li vedo, bravo! Perché vai a scuola se puoi imparare da un libro?
Perché il nostro insegnante è magnifico! Durante la sua lezione parla sempre di cose che non troverò nel libro e poi possiamo domandare quello che non capiamo. Perciò continuerò ad andare a scuola perché il professore mi aiuta molto!
Ci sono molti studenti nella tua classe?
Ci sono dodici studenti però quattro sono francesi e non capiscono molto bene la lingua e quindi noi parleremo molto in italiano.
Le lezioni sono all'università?
No, ci riuniamo alla scuola elementare. Mi dispiace ma devo andare perché devo comprare una matita o una penna prima che chiude il negozio.
Va bene, Ciao.
|Printable Video Dialog|
Printable Practice Sheets
|printable comprehension crossword|
Useful Italian question;
How much does it cost?
Class DialogUsing only the vocabulary we have learned so far, learn how to say everything below in Italian (except what is in " "), print out and bring the printable form of this dialog and be prepared to say the dialog below for one of the persons in class.
Person #1 – Good morning ________.
Person #2 – Good morning ________. How are you?
Person #1 – not to good, I will never understand Italian.
Person #2 – Why do you say that? You are a good student!
Person #1 – I always say “I will finish my homework”. However, when the lesson is difficult I don’t usually finish it because I don’t understand.
Person #2 – If you study, you will speak this language well!
Person #1 – I am sorry, I don’t believe it.
Person #2 – Remember Matthew and Paul?
Person #1 – I will never forget Mathew and Paul! I can still see them cry when they take a test!
Person #2 – Today the speak Italian really well!
Person #1 – I can still hear the teacher say that they would never read or never write Italian!
Person #2 – They can speak Italian now because they understand if you will study that you will win!
Person #1 – You are right! I will study!
Person #2 – It is not easy to understand a language.
Person #1 – I know it ma I will study and one day I will speak Italian very well!
Person #2 – Fantastic!
Person #1 – You are really kind. How do you know when I need to speak with you?
Person #2 – I don’t know. That is not why I am here.
Person #1 – Why are you here?
Person #2 – I need a pen, pencil and a notebook.
printable class dialog
You can learn more about the future tense on these pages of the following books.
86 - 89 and 142 - 143 of the book "English Grammar for Students of Italian" by Sergio Adorni and Karen Primorac, copyright 1995.
222 - 225 (page #'s may vary as I have an older edition) of "Ciao" by Carla Federici & Carla Larese Riga, copyright 1986.
160 - 164 and 214 - 218 of the book "Complete Italian Grammar" by Marcel Dansesi, copyright 1976.
245 - 247 of the book "Italian Grammar Drills" by Paola Nanni-Tate, copyright 2007.
34 - 38 of the book "Italian Verb Drills" (Third Edition) by Paola Nanni-Tate, copyright 2011.
If you do not own these books, don't worry, it is not mandatory that you do unless you were instructed to buy them at the beginning of the class. However, they can be very useful in a lot of ways and if you would like to know more about these books and where to buy them, simply go to our online bookstore or quicker yet, just click on the appropriate book below.
Did you know?Florence (Firenze - pronounced: fi-ren'-zay) is in the region of Toscana (Tuscany) and has a population of around half a million people. Florence is compact, with most of the tourist sights within minutes of the Duomo. Combined with limits on car driving within the city, it makes walking the easiest and pleasantest option. Among all of the other things you'll want to do in Florence, you definately will want to check out the museums which include;
Galleria degli Uffizi, the Accademia, Museo dell’Opera del Duomo, Museo del Bigallo, Museo dei Ragazzi, Museo di Storia della Scienza, Museo di Firenze com’era, Museo Marino Marini, Museo di Santa Maria Novella, Museo di San Marco, Museo Archeologico, Museo Horne, Museo Bardine.
You can find this information and more at knowital.com/italy/florenceinfo
You can see a just few pictures of Florence here.
Have you heard?If you enjoy hearing somebody strum on an acoustic guitar then you probably have what it takes to enjoy this song! I know some would differ with me but I think this song could almost considered today's country (Only in Italian). I hope you enjoy!
great songs are available on --->
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