After this class you should;
be able to conjugate and use the following verbs:
Bere, Cogliere, Dovere, Porre, Potere, Rimanere, Sapere, Scegliere, Sedere, Spegnere, Tenere and Volere
Understand the purpose of and know how to use modal verbs.
The present tense of the irregular Italian ERE verbs
These verbs do not follow the regular conjugation patterns of the Italian ERE verbs and thus will be looked at separately here. The first three are extremely important to know as they can be used often in everyday conversation. Additionally, these three verbs work exceptionally well with other verbs. For example; I have to go, I want to speak or I can swim. Learning these verbs will prove extremely useful in your quest to communicate in Italian. Additionally many of the other verbs are used often in normal conversation such as sapere or bere.
Thus; Io posso = I can / Tu puoi = You can / Lui può = He can / Lei può = She can Noi possiamo = we can / Voi potete = Y'all can / Loro possono = They can
Thus; Io devo = I must / Tu devi = You must / Lui deve = He must / Lei deve = She must Noi dobbiamo = we must / Voi dovete = Y'all must / Loro devono = They must
Thus; Io voglio = I want / Tu vuoi = You want / Lui vuole = He wants / Lei vuole = She wants Noi vogliamo = we want / Voi volete = Y'all want / Loro vogliono = They want
Thus; Io bevo = I drink / Tu bevi = You drink / Lui beve = He drinks / Lei beve = She drinks Noi beviamo = we drink / Voi bevete = Y'all drink / Loro bevono = They drink
Thus; Io colgo = I gather / Tu cogli = You gather / Lui coglie = He gathers / Lei coglie = She gathers Noi cogliamo = we gather / Voi cogliete = Y'all gather / Loro colgono = They gather
Thus; Io pongo = I put / Tu poni = You put / Lui pone = He puts / Lei pone = She puts Noi poniamo = we put / Voi ponete = Y'all put / Loro pongono = They put
Thus; Io rimango = I stay / Tu rimani = You stay / Lui rimane = He stays / Lei rimane = She stays Noi rimaniamo = we stay / Voi rimanete = Y'all stay / Loro rimangono = They stay
Thus; Io so = I know / Tu sai = You know / Lui sa = He knows / Lei sa = She knows Noi sappiamo = we know / Voi sapete = Y'all know / Loro sanno = They know
Thus; Io scelgo = I choose / Tu scegli = You choose / Lui sceglie = He chooses / Lei sceglie = She chooses Noi scegliiamo = we choose / Voi scegliete = Y'all choose / Loro scelgono = They choose
Thus; Io siedo = I sit / Tu siedi = You sit / Lui siede = He sits / Lei siede = She sits Noi sediamo = we sit / Voi sedete = Y'all sit / Loro siedono = They sit
I turn off
You turn off
He/She turns off
We turn off
Y’all turn off
They turn off
Thus; Io spengo = I turn off / Tu spegni = You turn off / Lui spegne = He turns off / Lei spegne = She turns off Noi spegniamo = we turn off / Voi spegnete = Y'all turn off / Loro spengono = They turn off
Thus; Io tengo = I keep / Tu tieni = You keep / Lui tiene = He keeps / Lei tiene = She keeps Noi teniamo = we keep / Voi tenete = Y'all keep / Loro tengono = They keep
must/to have to
I must/have to
you must/have to
he/she must/have to
we must/have to
y’all must/have to
they must/have to
to be able to
to turn off
I turn off
you turn off
he/she turns off
we turn off
y’all turn off
they turn off
Using only the vocabulary we have learned so far, learn how to say everything below in Italian (except anything that may be in " "), print out and bring the printable form of this dialog and be prepared to say the dialog below for one of the persons in class.
Person #1 – Hi ___________.
Person #2 – Hi ______________, how are you?
Person #1 – I am well, thank you. And you, how are you?
Person #2 – I am very well, thank you. What do you want to do this evening (sta sera)?
Person #1 – I don’t know, please sit here while (siedi qui mentre) we talk. What do you want to do?
Person #2 – I want to go to Rome. Paul and Phil play guitar (chitarra) every Friday in Rome (ogni venerdì a Roma)!
Person #1 – They can play guitar?
Person #2 – Paul can’t play guitar very well but he tries. He plays better when he drinks some wine (del vino).
Person #1 – I can’t go to Rome, I have to stay home today (a casa oggi). Do you remember Laura?
Person #2 – Yes I remember Laura. We dance every Friday, why do you ask?
Person #1 – My parents have to buy a car (una macchina) for her (per lei). I have to say here with my brother (mio fratello) while they choose a car for her.
Person #2 – Ok (va bene), we can stay here. We can watch a game (una partita) on TV (in television). You can choose the game!
Person #1 – No, you choose while I turn off the radio (la radio). In addition (inoltre) I want to study during (durante) the game.
Person #2 – Why do you always (sempre) have to study?
Person #1 – Because Chuck always asks questions (le domande) in class.
Person#2 – I know that he insists that (che) all students (tutti gli student) speak Italian.
Person#1 – Yes and I want to respond correctly (correttamente)!
Person#2 – Ok (Ecco), here is the game!
Person #1 – Let’s listen!
You can learn more about irregular ERE verbs on these pages of the following books.
101 - 103 (page #'s may vary as I have an older edition) of "Ciao" by Carla Federici & Carla Larese Riga, copyright 1986.
112 - 114 of the book "Complete Italian Grammar" by Marcel Dansesi, copyright 1976.
19 & 20 of the book "Italian Verb Drills" (Third Edition) by Paola Nanni-Tate, copyright 2011.
If you do not own these books, don't worry, it is not mandatory that you do unless you were instructed to buy them at the beginning of the class. However, they can be very useful in a lot of ways and if you would like to know more about these books and where to buy them, simply go to our online bookstore or quicker yet, just click on the appropriate book below.
Did you know?
" Lombardy is a region in northern Italy between the Alps and the Po river valley. Its capital is Milan, the largest city in Northern Italy.
Lombardy is divided physically into three parts from north to south--a mountainous Alpine and pre-Alpine zone; a zone of gently undulating foothills; and a zone of alluvial plains sloping gently to the Po River in the south. Alpine division reaches a height of 4049 m in the Bernina Range. The foothill zone is partly composed of morainic material and contains a number of scenic lakes. The region is drained southward by many rivers, all of them tributaries of the Po, including the Ticino, the Adda, and the Oglio, with its affluents the Mella and Chiese, and the Mincio. The regione abounds in lakes and contains all or part of Lake Garda (Italy's largest lake), Maggiore, Lugano, Como, Iseo, Idro, and Varese."
This information about Lombardy obtained from http://www.freeworldmaps.net/europe/italy/political.html
Have you heard?
James Blunt chips in by singing this English/Italian duet with Laura Pausini and it proves to live up to it's hype being the title song for this CD. And with that being said I hope you thoroughly enjoy Primavera in Anticipo!
This and many other great songs are available on --->