Verb Drills 1 - Lesson 5
Regular IRE VerbsAfter this class you should;
Know and identify 56 Italian verbs with the infinitive IRE ending
Conjugate regular Italian IRE verbs in the present tense
Conjugating regular Italian verbs ending with IRE in the present tenseInfinitive – “…A verb form that functions as a substantive while retaining certain verbal characteristics, such as modification by adverbs, and that in English may be preceded by to, as in To go willingly is to show strength or We want him to work…” 1
There are three main categories of Italian Verbs known as 1st, 2nd and 3rd conjugation. Here is the most obvious, initial difference;
1st Conjugation verbs are verbs that end with the letters ARE in the infinitive form.
2nd Conjugation verbs are verbs that end with the letters ERE in the infinitive form.
3rd Conjugation verbs are verbs that end with the letters IRE in the infinitive form.
(These ending are “Infinitive endings”)
To illustrate how to conjugate an IRE verb, I like to use a math equation as an example but first here are the conjugated endings for IRE verbs;
To conjugate = infinitive verb – infinitive ending = verb stem + conjugated ending = conjugated verb. Example;
Servire (To Serve) - ire = Serv + iamo (ending for we) = Serviamo (We see)
Servire conjugated in the present tense
There is one exception with the 3rd conjugation on how it is handled in the present tense for some regular verbs. That is, there are some verbs that you have to insert the letters "ISC" after the infinitive root and before the present indicative ending for Io, Tu, Lui/Lei and Loro. Therefore, we conjugate these verbs as follows;
Capire (To Understand) - ire = Cap + isc = capisc + ono (ending for they) = Capiscono (They understand)
Capire conjugated in the present tense
1 The definitions or portions thereof were taken from thefreedictionary.com
Basic Exercise on regular IRE verbs
advanced online exercise
Printable large flash cards (English Side)
Printable large flash cards (Italian Side)
Printable small flash cards (English Side)
Printable small flash cards (Italian Side)
basic online exercise
(Italian to English)
(English to Italian)
|printable video dialog coming soon|
|Printable Practice Sheets|
|printable comprehension crossword|
useful Italian phrase;
A prima vista
At first sight
Class DialogTry to learn how to say everything below in Italian (using the simple present tense for the progressive present), print out and bring the printable form of this dialog and be prepared to say the dialog below for one of the persons in class.
Person #1 – Hello (answering the phone).
Person #2 – Hello, can I speak with Robert please?
Person #1 – Who is speaking?
Person #2 – My name is Mario Pausini
Person #1 – I am Robert.
Person #2 – I teach your daughter Italian at school. Can I suggest something (qualcosa)?
Person #1 – Certainly, she doesn’t understand her homework (i suoi compiti). I offer to help but she doesn’t want help.
Person #2 – Your daughter and her (suoi) friends are failing. They never finish their homework.
Person #1 – What do you suggest?
Person #2 – I suggest that you establish rules for study.
Person #1 – I establish rules for study but she doesn’t obey.
Person #2 – I understand. Children prefer to play
Person #1 – Do other parents punish their children when they don’t obey?
Person #2 – I don’t know. I do not have children.
Person #1 – I prefer to speak with her.
Person#2 – I understand, maybe sometime we can meet.
Person#1 – Today I can’t. I am cleaning my car. Tomorrow I am building a house.
Person#2 – Ok, good luck. Don’t go mad.
Person #1 – Thank you, goodbye
Person #2 - Goodbye
printable class dialog
You can learn more about regular IRE verbs on these pages of the following books.
80 - 83 (page #'s may vary as I have an older edition) of "Ciao" by Carla Federici & Carla Larese Riga, copyright 1986.
107 - 111 of the book "Complete Italian Grammar" by Marcel Dansesi, copyright 1976.
212 to 216 of the book "Italian Grammar Drills" by Paola Nanni-Tate, copyright 2007.
21 to 26 of the book "Italian Verb Drills" (Third Edition) by Paola Nanni-Tate, copyright 2011.
If you do not own these books, don't worry, it is not mandatory that you do unless you were instructed to buy them at the beginning of the class. However, they can be very useful in a lot of ways and if you would like to know more about these books and where to buy them, simply go to our online bookstore or quicker yet, just click on the appropriate book below.
Did you know?" Veneto is a region in the Northeastern part of Italy. Venice (Venezia) is the capital of the region, which is divided into the provinces of Belluno, Padova, Treviso, Rovigo, Venice, Verona and Vicenza (named for their principal cities).
Veneto lies between the Adriatic Sea and the ranges of the Alps (Prealpi Venete, Dolomites, Carnic Alps). Highest peaks include the Cima Dosici (2340 m) and Mont Baldo (2218 m). Veneto is traversed by the rivers Po, Adige and Piave."
This information about Veneto obtained from http://www.freeworldmaps.net/europe/italy/political.html
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