Verb Drills 1 - Lesson 7
Italian verbs in the imperative tenseAfter this class you should;
Be able to conjugate regular and some irregular Italian verbs in the Imperative Tense
Conjugating regular Italian verbs in the imperative tenseThe imperative tense is relatively easy to learn but is at the same time handled a little differently due to the nature of the tense.
The imperative tense being for commands and orders negates the use of the first person singular or "io" as you don't typically order yourself to do something. There are also no 3rd person commands. The first person plural or "noi" can be used but it is more of a strong suggestion such as "let's go!" etc. Therefore instead of the typical 1st, 2nd, 3rd person singular and plural view of the conjugation, in the imperative tense we conjugate the verb to work with the 2nd person (familiar and formal) singular, 1st person plural and 2nd person (familiar and formal) plural.
It is also important to note that the negative of the 2nd person singular or the familiar "tu" is merely non + the infinative
To illustrate how to conjugate these verbs, I like to use math equations as an example but first here are the conjugated endings for all regular verbs;
To conjugate the regular ARE verbs in the imperative tense = infinitive verb – infinitive ending = verb stem + conjugated ending = conjugated verb. Example;
Parlare (To Speak) - are = Parl + iamo (ending for we) = Parliamo (Let's speak)
Parlare conjugated in the imperative tense
To conjugate the regular ERE verbs in the imperative tense = infinitive verb – infinitive ending = verb stem + conjugated ending = conjugated verb. Example;
Scrivere (To write) - ere = Scriv + iamo (ending for we) = Scriviamo (Let's write)
Scrivere conjugated in the imperative tense
To conjugate the regular IRE verbs in the imperative tense = infinitive verb – infinitive ending = verb stem + conjugated ending = conjugated verb. Example;
Pulire (To clean) - ire = Pul + iamo (ending for we) = Puliamo (Let's clean)
Pulire conjugated in the imperative tense
There are verbs in all three conjugations that have irregular stems that they use with the same endings.
basic online exercise
advanced online exercise
Printable large flash cards (English Side)
Printable large flash cards (Italian Side)
Printable small flash cards (English Side)
Printable small flash cards (Italian Side)
basic online exercise
|printable video dialog coming soon|
|Printable Practice Sheets|
|printable comprehension crossword|
useful Italian question;
To the end
Class DialogTry to learn how to say everything below in Italian (using the simple present tense for the progressive present), print out and bring the printable form of this dialog and be prepared to say the dialog below for one of the persons in class.
Person #1 – Wait!
Person #2 – Why wait?
Person #1 – Don’t speak! Wait!
Person #2 – Listen! You can’t tell me to wait!
Person #3 – She is right (Ha ragione), you can’t tell her to wait!
Person #2 – Thank you, I think he is going mad!
Person #1 – What? I go crazy? Enough! Y’all wait! Stop! Don’t go! Turn off your cars! (le vostre macchine)
Person #2 – But why? I have to go to home (a casa). Why do I have to wait?
Person #1 – So the children can go to school (a scuola) without an accident (incidente). When they walk accross the street (attraversano la strada), it can be dangerous (pericoloso)!
Person #2 – Look! Do you see children here?
Person #1 – In fact (infatti), I don’t see children here.
Person #2 – Think! Do you know why you don’t see children here?
Person #1 – Wait! Be patient! No, I don’t know why.
Person #3 – Because you are an Idiot (idiota)! Today is Christmas (Natale)!
Person #1 – You are right! It is Christmas! That is funny (divertente).
Person#2 – That is funny? Run!
Person#1 – Run? Why run?
Person#2 – Because I am not waiting anymore and you are standing (tu sei in piede) in the street! Run!
Person #1 – Merry Christmas! Goodbye
Person #2 - Goodbye
printable class dialog
You can learn more about the imperative tense on these pages of the following books.
93 - 96 of the book "English Grammar for Students of Italian" by Sergio Adorni and Karen Primorac, copyright 1995.
306 - 310 (page #'s may vary as I have an older edition) of "Ciao" by Carla Federici & Carla Larese Riga, copyright 1986.
174 - 182 of the book "Complete Italian Grammar" by Marcel Dansesi, copyright 1976.
235 - 238 of the book "Italian Grammar Drills" by Paola Nanni-Tate, copyright 2007.
29 - 33 of the book "Italian Verb Drills" (Third Edition) by Paola Nanni-Tate, copyright 2011.
If you do not own these books, don't worry, it is not mandatory that you do unless you were instructed to buy them at the beginning of the class. However, they can be very useful in a lot of ways and if you would like to know more about these books and where to buy them, simply go to our online bookstore or quicker yet, just click on the appropriate book below.
Did you know?" Piedmont (Italian: Piemonte) is a region of northwestern Italy. Piedmont is surrounded on three sides by the Alps mountain range, including the Monviso, where the Po River rises
The region also contains major industrial centres, notably Turin (Torino). Apart from the provincial capitals, other notable cities are Vercelli, Verbania, Moncalieri, Rivoli, Ivrea."
This information about Lazio obtained from http://www.freeworldmaps.net/europe/italy/political.html
Have you heard?I know, I know, there are no Italian words to translate. But the music is just so incredibly beautiful and it is at least performed by an Italian so please sit back, turn out the lights after pouring yourself a glass of wine, close your eyes and let the melody take you away!
great songs are available on --->