Enhanced Beginner's Italian Level 1 - Lesson # 11
Regular IRE Verbs, Adjectives, With and WithoutAfter this class you should;
Conjugate and use regular IRE verbs.
Read, write and say at least 16 various adjectives in Italian and know how to use them.
Read, write, say and use the Italian words for "with" (con) and "without" (senza).
Conjugating regular Italian verbs ending with IRE in the present tenseInfinitive – “…A verb form that functions as a substantive while retaining certain verbal characteristics, such as modification by adverbs, and that in English may be preceded by to, as in To go willingly is to show strength or We want him to work…” 1
There are three main categories of Italian Verbs known as 1st, 2nd and 3rd conjugation. Here is the most obvious, initial difference;
1st Conjugation verbs are verbs that end with the letters ARE in the infinitive form.
2nd Conjugation verbs are verbs that end with the letters ERE in the infinitive form.
3rd Conjugation verbs are verbs that end with the letters IRE in the infinitive form.
(These ending are “Infinitive endings”)
To illustrate how to conjugate an IRE verb, I like to use a math equation as an example but first here are the conjugated endings for IRE verbs;
To conjugate = infinitive verb – infinitive ending = verb stem + conjugated ending = conjugated verb. Example;
Servire (To Serve) - ire = Serv + iamo (ending for we) = Serviamo (We see)
Servire conjugated in the present tense
There is one exception with the 3rd conjugation on how it is handled in the present tense for some regular verbs. That is, there are some verbs that you have to insert the letters "ISC" after the infinitive root and before the present indicative ending for Io, Tu, Lui/Lei and Loro. Therefore, we conjugate these verbs as follows;
Capire (To Understand) - ire = Cap + isc = capisc + ono (ending for they) = Capiscono (They understand)
Capire conjugated in the present tense
1 The definitions or portions thereof were taken from thefreedictionary.com
AdjectivesSimply put, adjectives modify or further describe nouns. As with all parts of speech in the beginner class this is not a comprehensive lesson on adjectives but instead an introduction. The two main rules to remember in this introduction is agreement with the noun and placement of the adjective.
For adjectives ending in "o" for masculine singular you merely change the last letter (just like the nouns) to indicate gender and number as follows:
"o" masculine singular
"a" feminine singular
"i" masculine plural
"e" feminine plural (like nouns, if the "e" is proceeded by a "c" or "g" you need to add an "h" to preserve the hard letter sound)
For adjectives ending in "e" for singular you merely change the last letter (just like the nouns) to indicate number only as follows:
"e" singular (masculine or feminine)
"i" plural (masculine or feminine)
Some examples could include:
Un nuovo motorino
una nuova motoclicletta
i nuovi motorini
le nuove motociclette
una grande casa o un grande edificio
le grandi case o i grandi edifici
With only a few exceptions adjectives usually follow a noun. Color or nationality related adjectives always follow the noun. Here are a few of the adjectives that usually proceed the noun.
When these adjectives are modified by the adverb molto then they follow the noun as well. Some examples could include:
Una donna molto bella!
Basic Exercise on regular IRE verbs
Exercise on regular IRE verbs
Printable large flash cards (English Side)
Printable large flash cards (Italian Side)
Printable small flash cards (English Side)
Printable small flash cards (Italian Side)
basic online exercise
Exercise (Italian to English)
Exercise (English to Italian)
ComprehensionCome si dice "something" in italiano?
Sì dice "qualcosa".
Grazie. Posso domandarti qualcosa?
Sì, che cosa vuoi sapere?
Tu preferisci una macchina vecchia che è veloce ma brutta o una macchina nuova che è bella ma lenta?
Preferisco una macchina che è bella ma lenta.
Perché? Non capisco.
Perché preferisco guardare cose belle. Posso fare una domanda?
Sì, che cosa vuoi sapere?
Tu preferisci un amico pigro che è ricco e generoso o un amico studioso che è povero e egoista?
Che cosa significano le parole "ricco" e "povero"?
Capisci la parola "denaro"?
No, non capisco la parola "denaro".
La parola denaro significa "money",
ricco significa “rich” e povero “poor”.
Va bene, capisco.
Un uomo ricco è un uomo con molto denaro e un uomo povero è un uomo senza denaro. Capisci?
Io preferisco un amico pigro.
Perché lui può darti molto denaro?
No, perchè un uomo egoista è di solito un uomo cattivo.
Bravo, hai ragione!
Sì ho ragione e ho anche fame. Vuoi cenare?
Mi dispiace ma è tardi e devo andare a casa.
Perché, devi andare a casa?
Devo pulire perchè arriva mia sorella con il marito e le loro figlie.
Va bene, Ciao.
Ciao e ci vediamo presto.
|Printable Video Dialog|
Printable Practice Sheets
Useful Italian question;
Che vuoi dire?
What do you mean?
Class DialogUsing only the vocabulary we have learned so far, learn how to say everything below in Italian (except what is in " "), print out and bring the printable form of this dialog and be prepared to say the dialog below for one of the persons in class.
Person #1 – Hi _________,
Person #2 – Hi _________, how are you?
Person #1 – Fine, thank you. And you?
Person #2 – I am very good! What are you doing today?
Person #1 – I have to leave soon. I am going to Rome with Paolo and Anna.
Person #2 – Why are you going to Rome with Paolo and Anna?
Person #1 – Because Rome is beautiful and they are very nice. Do you want to go to Rome with us?
Person #2 – I can’t. I need to wash my car today.
Person #1 – Do you have a new car?
Person #2 – Yes, and it is beautiful and fast!
Person #1 – I hear that it is beautiful! I can’t believe that you can buy that car!
Person #2 – I can’t. My uncle is buying it.
Person #1 – He is very generous!
Person #2 – He is generous and kind. Can they go to Rome without you? You can help me clean my car.
Person #1 – Thank you, no. I prefer to go.
Person #2 – I understand, bye.
Person #1 –Bye.
printable class dialog
You can learn more about regular IRE verbs and adjectives on these pages of the following books.
115 - 119 of the book "English Grammar for Students of Italian" by Sergio Adorni and Karen Primorac, copyright 1995.
38 - 42 and 80 - 83 (page #'s may vary as I have an older edition) of "Ciao" by Carla Federici & Carla Larese Riga, copyright 1986.
39 - 50 and 107 - 111 of the book "Complete Italian Grammar" by Marcel Dansesi, copyright 1976.
139 - 157 and 212 to 216 of the book "Italian Grammar Drills" by Paola Nanni-Tate, copyright 2007.
21 to 26 of the book "Italian Verb Drills" (Third Edition) by Paola Nanni-Tate, copyright 2011.
If you do not own these books, don't worry, it is not mandatory that you do unless you were instructed to buy them at the beginning of the class. However, they can be very useful in a lot of ways and if you would like to know more about these books and where to buy them, simply go to our online bookstore or quicker yet, just click on the appropriate book below.
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